K Petro company
Oil alternatives

Oil alternatives

Bio-diesel oil (applied after 2009.04.06.)

Bio-diesel oil (BD20) is the one that combines 80% of diesel for vehicle and 20% of bio-diesel (BD100) as oil products to be used for the bus, truck, construction machines, and railroad vehicles as regulated in the Article 3, paragraph 4, in the [Framework Act on the Development of Railroad Industry] and shall be appropriate in the following quality criteria.

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바이오디젤연료유 Item/구분, 품질기준, 시험방법에 관한 내용
Item/Classification Quality Standard Test Method
Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Content(Volume %) 20±3 (Winter : 10±3) EN14078
Pour point (℃) Below 0.0(Winter:Below -18) ASTM D6749
Flash point (Tag, ℃) Over 40 KS M ISO 2719
Kinematic Viscosity (40℃, ㎟/s) 1.9 ~ 5.5 KS M 3104
Distillation (90%, ℃) Below 360 KS M ISO 3405
Carbon Residue on 10% (Weight %) Below 0.15 KS M ISO 10370
Sulfur Content (㎎/㎏) Below 30 KS M 2027
Ash (Weight %) Below 0.02 KS M ISO 6245
Cetane Content Over 45 KS M ISO 5165  KS M ISO 4264
Copper Strip Corrosion(100℃, 3h) Below 1 KS M ISO 2160
CFPP (℃) Below -16 KS M 2411
Density@ 15 ℃ (㎏/㎥) 815 ~ 845 KS M 2002
Water and Sediment (Volume %) Below 0.02 KS M 2115
Acid Value (㎎ KOH/g) Below 0.10 KS M ISO 6618
Lubricity @60 ℃(HFRR WSD, ㎛) Below 460 KS R ISO 12156-1
  • Criteria for winter shall be applied from November 1st to March 31st of the following year.
  • Filter blocking point shall bee applied in the cold winter (from November 15th to February 28th)
  • Fatty acid methyl ester content can be applied as 10(±3)~20(±3) in November and April.
Bio-diesel

Bio-diesel (BD100) is the oil that is used for manufacturing diesel for vehicles or bio-diesel combined oil (BD20) and shall be appropriate for the following quality criteria.

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바이오디젤 Item/구분, 품질기준에 관한 내용
Item/Classification Quality Standard Test Method
Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Content
(Weight %)
Over 96.5 KS M 2413, EN 14103
Flash point (℃) Over 120 KS M ISO 2719
Kinematic Viscosity (40℃, ㎟/s) 1.9 ~ 5.0 KS M ISO 3104
Carbon Residue on 10% (Weight %) Below 0.1 KS M ISO 10370
Sulfur Content (mg/kg) Below 10 KS M 2027
Ash (Weight %) Below 0.01 KS M ISO 6245
Copper Strip Corrosion (50℃, 3h) Below 1 KS M ISO 2160
CFPP (℃) Below 0 KS M 2411
Density@ 15 ℃ (㎏/㎥) 860 ~ 900 KS M 2002
Moisture (Weight %) Below 0.05 KS M ISO 12937
Sediment (mg/kg) Below 24 EN 12662
Acid Value (㎎ KOH/g ) Below 0.50 KS M ISO 6618
Total Glycerol (Weight %) Below 0.24 KS M 2412
Monoglyceride (Weigh t%) Below 0.80 KS M 2412
Diglyceride (Weight %) Below 0.20 KS M 2412
Triglyceride (Weight %) Below 0.20 KS M 2412
Free Glycerol Below 0.02 KS M 2412
Oxidation Stability (110 ℃, h) Over 6 EN 14112
Methanol (Weight %) Below 0.2 EN 14110
Alkali metals (㎎/㎏) (Na + K) Below 5 EN 14108,14109
(Ca + Mg) Below 5 EN 14538
Phosphorus (㎎/㎏) Below 10 EN 14107
  • Filter blocking point is applied in the cold winter (from November 15th to February 28th of the following year)
  • Test method in KS M 2413 is applied to bio-diesel manufactured with plant ingredients.
Emulsifying oil

Fossil fuel is the oil that is mixed with water or emulsifying agent on the heavy oil as a product to be used for boiler or furnace and shall be appropriate for the following quality criteria. (Emulsifying agent is the additive to evenly dissipate liquid that is not mixed with other types of liquids in the particles. The adding ratio shall be less than 3.0% of the volume. In addition, it shall not include the oil product or oil alternatives without corroding the ducts or causing the foul smell or hazardous substance.

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About Item/Classification, Quality Standard, Test Method
Item/Classification Quality Standard Test Method
Moisture (Volume %) 5.0 ~ 30.0 KS M ISO 3733
Sulfur Content (Weight %) Below 1.0 KS M 2414
Ash (Weight %) Below 0.1 KS M ISO 6245
Deposit (Weight %) Below 0.2 KS M ISO 3735
Flash Point (℃) Over 60 KS M ISO 2592
Metal(㎎/㎏) Cd and its compound Below 1 AAS or ICP
Cr and its compound Below 1
Pb and its compound Below 1
As and its compound Below 1
  • Sulfur content criteria in each area shall follow the [Notification on the use of pure oil] determined by the Minister of Environment according to Clean Air Conservation Act.
  • When measuring the flashing point, if it is not possible to measure it in the temperature above the quality criterion, it is regarded to fulfill the quality criteria.
  • Water content shall be within ±5.0 of the water content recognized when evaluating the performance. Even if this is applied, the water content of emulsifying oil shall be between 5.0% and 30.0%.